At Fazenda Anacã we strive to adopt the most sustainable agricultural practices. We have reformed 60% of our pasture area, permitting significant intensification increasing the yields of our pastures, while at the same time improving pasture quality thanks to sensible rotation practices. By making better use of the area available for agriculture on the property, we hope to act as model for other ranches to realize that increased production is possible without the need for any further deforestation in the region.
Strategic investment in the ranch infrastructure has been vital to establish a sustainable ranching model. Increased and improved fencing to create more paddocks and implement a rotational system to move livestock between pastures has been effective, allowing us to rotate cattle between pastures every 4 days, on average. Pastures are then left ungrazed for approximately 18 days between uses. This system allows for healthier grass growth, and the rest periods extend the useful lifetime of the pastures. Covered feed troughs are used for supplemental feeding of cattle during the rainy season, permitting more efficient weight gain and reducing competition for resources. We have also invested significantly in fencing to isolate the APPs (Permanent Protection Areas), blocking livestock's access to watercourses and springs. As such, an alternative system to bring water to livestock had to be devised: a water wheel was installed on the Maria Helena reservoir. Water is pumped to the highest point on the property, from where it is distributed to all sectors of the ranch and made available to livestock in drinking troughs. These troughs have been constructed using recycled materials, mostly being fashioned using large discarded tires which were once used in mining operations in the region.